May 15, 2023, Comment off

Sentence fragments and Run-On Sentences

Sentence fragments

To better understand how to identify and correct sentence fragments, delve into the section on “Sentence Fragments” in “Sentence fragments and run-on sentences.” Within this section, you’ll find helpful sub-sections that define what sentence fragments are, provide examples of sentence fragments, and offer solutions for fixing sentence fragments.

Definition of sentence fragments

Sentences have a defined structure consisting of a subject, verb, and object. A sentence fragment is a group of words that do not form a complete thought, lack a verb or subject, and do not express a clear idea. Fragmented sentences often occur due to grammar errors, poorly constructed paragraphs, or informal writing style.

To avoid the confusion caused by sentence fragments, it is essential to ensure that every group of words in your text has at least one main clause that expresses a complete thought. This way, readers can easily identify the meaning behind the sentence and comprehend the information provided.

Sentence fragments can result in poor communication between readers and writers and impact the message’s effectiveness. Therefore, writers must familiarize themselves with proper grammatical structures to enhance their writing skills continually.

Improving your understanding of sentence structures can significantly benefit your writing goals. By analyzing how different groups of words interact within context-specific scenarios, we empower ourselves to convey our messages effectively while presenting ourselves as competent communicators.

Don’t let incomplete ideas become ineffective communication. With practice and attention to detail on your part, you can improve both your writing skills and develop an effective written voice without running into snags from sentence fragments.

Grabbing snacks from the fridge, binge-watching Netflix, sentence fragments – my weekend plans in a nutshell.

Examples of sentence fragments

One common writing error that can hurt clarity and coherence is sentence fragments. A sentence fragment is an incomplete phrase or clause that may lack a subject, verb, or both. Examples include “On the table” or “Although she tried.” These fragments may confuse readers by leaving unanswered questions and failing to convey complete thoughts. To avoid this mistake, writers should strive for complete sentences with clear subjects, verbs, and necessary modifiers. By doing so, they can improve the readability and effectiveness of their writing.

Sentence fragments often result from improperly punctuated sentences, incomplete thoughts, or ideas that do not stand alone as sentences on their own. They can make reading difficult and distracting because they have no inherent meaning – they only create confusion in people’s minds.

Writers must also be mindful not to leave modifiers dangling without support. For instance, consider this fragment: “Going down the stairs quickly.” This incomplete phrase leaves readers unclear about who is going down the stairs and why they are doing it quickly.

To avoid such issues, ensure that ALL sentences contain at least one independent clause with a distinct subject and predicate – don’t just use parts of speech carelessly! We must remember to write clearly rather than hastily; otherwise, our work will more often than not be unintelligible jumbles of word soup.

In my experience tutoring students, I have seen how these tips make an immediate impression on the reader’s ability to understand the content efficiently. So when we’re writing anything – from essays to emails – let’s keep a few key things in mind: write complete sentences – always – all the time!

Putting all the pieces together: tips for mending broken sentences.

How to fix sentence fragments

Fixing Incomplete Phrases: A Professional Guide

Incomplete phrases, also known as sentence fragments, can disrupt the flow of writing and make it difficult for readers to understand the intended message. Here’s a three-step guide on how to fix them:

  1. Identify the Subject and Verb: Look for the main subject and verb in the phrase or sentence. If they are missing, add them in accordingly.
  2. Connect Phrases: Try connecting the fragment to a related phrase or sentence with proper conjunctions like “and,” “but,” or “although.” This will provide context and clarity.
  3. Rewrite or Combine: Alternatively, you could rewrite the fragment into a complete sentence or combine it with another sentence so that it forms a complete thought.

Furthermore, it’s important to remember that not all incomplete phrases need fixing. Fragments can add stylistic variety and emphasis to your writing if used effectively.

Pro Tip: Reading your writing aloud can help identify incomplete phrases and ensure readability for your audience.

“Why use one sentence when you can use ten and confuse everyone? Welcome to the world of run-on sentences.”

Run-on sentences

To avoid run-on sentences with the title: “Sentence fragments and run-on sentences,” the solution is to understand the definition of run-on sentences, be able to identify examples of run-on sentences and learn how to fix them. Following these sub-sections can improve your writing skills and make your writing more concise and clear.

Definition of run-on sentences

Run-on sentences are a common grammar mistake where two or more complete clauses are strung together without proper punctuation or conjunctions. Instead of expressing an idea clearly, they become lengthy and confusing. It is important to avoid run-ons as they can weaken one’s writing and hinder the message’s clarity.

Such sentences can be easily identified by their length, incorrect punctuation, or improper transitioning. They can also result in incorrect interpretation by the reader, leading to confusion and misunderstanding. To rectify such mistakes, one should break them into smaller, grammatically correct sentences while using appropriate punctuation.

Moreover, it is crucial to remember that avoiding run-on sentences requires practice and awareness. One must pay attention to sentence structure while writing and proofread for errors before submitting any document.

Pro Tip: To check for run-ons, read your work aloud. If you find yourself running out of breath halfway through a sentence, it may be too long and need to be broken up into shorter ones.

Get ready for a rollercoaster ride of endless words and no punctuation in our next section:

Examples of run-on sentences

Run-on sentences occur when two or more independent clauses are joined together without proper punctuation. They can be confusing to read and can hinder the clarity of your writing. Here are some variations of run-on sentences:

  • Comma splice: Two independent clauses linked by a comma without conjunctions.
  • Fused sentence: Two independent clauses combined with no punctuation.
  • Conjunction junctions: Several independent clauses are hooked up by multiple conjunctions, producing unnaturally long sentences.
  • Semicolon separation: Sometimes, linking two or more related clauses with a semicolon rather than using punctuations and Conjunctions would produce cumbersome sentences.

It is important to understand that good writing lacks run-ons as they violate the customary rules of clarity and comprehension. Such inconsistencies quickly give an unprofessional impression to our readers.

Fun Fact: The longest grammatically correct sentence consists of 13,955 words in “The Rotter’s Club” by Jonathan Coe.

Fixing run-on sentences is like putting together a puzzle – with a little patience and some editing skills, the pieces will fit perfectly.

How to fix run-on sentences

For writers, fixing run-on sentences is essential for clear and concise communication. To correct excessively lengthy sentences, first identify the basic sentence structure. Use commas, conjunctions, or semicolons to separate independent clauses. To ensure a proper flow and meaning, proofread and revise the sentence on completion.

Here is your 6-Step Guide:

  1. Read the entire sentence once.
  2. Identify two related concepts that may join into one sentence.
  3. Identify if both complete sentences are joined without appropriate punctuation marks.
  4. Add appropriate punctuation mark – A comma followed by the conjunction ‘and,’ ‘but,’ or ‘or.’
  5. Create two separate sentences using a period/full stop.
  6. Determine the new meaning of each used separately and find quick ways to rewrite those meanings without changing the grammar.

To perfect well-crafted writing, consistency can only be achieved through careful editing. Checking for coherence in ideas aids in segmentation without sacrificing clarity.

Did you know that poorly constructed sentences increase reader frustration? (Source: Grammarly) Why make complete sentences when you can just jam them together like a grammatical traffic jam? Welcome to the world of run-on sentences.

Difference between sentence fragments and run-on sentences

To differentiate sentence fragments from run-on sentences in the section on the ‘Difference between sentence fragments and run-on sentences,’ turn to the sub-sections for the solution. Quickly learn how to identify sentence fragments and run-on sentences and recognize the importance of avoiding them to improve your writing.

How to identify sentence fragments and run-on sentences

Professional Guide to Identifying Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences

Understanding how sentence fragments and run-on sentences can affect the clarity of your writing is crucial. Here’s a guide to help you identify them correctly.

6-Step Guide to Identifying Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences:

  1. Check for complete thoughts: Are the sentences expressing complete ideas, or are they just incomplete phrases?
  2. Look for subject-verb agreement: Do the subject and verb agree with each other in tense and number?
  3. Use punctuation as a guide: Are there any missing or excessive punctuation marks that can indicate sentence problems?
  4. Determine if it’s a run-on sentence: Are there two independent clauses without proper conjunctions or punctuation, creating a long sentence?
  5. Notice if it’s a fused sentence: Do two independent clauses come together without any punctuation marks, creating confusion?
  6. Be wary of dependent clauses: Are there dependent clauses mistaken as independent ones due to missing connectors or incorrect punctuation?

Additionally, prepositional phrases, infinitive phrases, and absolute phrases could also cause confusion in identifying sentence fragments or run-ons.

To avoid such issues, try to read out loud and revise your sentences. Prune longer sentences into shorter ones by focusing on one idea at a time. Use transitions like conjunctions, semicolons, and colons in between independent clauses. And don’t overlook grammar guidelines.

By mastering these techniques, you’ll be able to produce more professional and polished content.
Proper grammar is like a seat belt, it may feel restrictive at times, but it’s there to keep you safe from a terrifying wreck of a sentence.

Importance of avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences

When constructing your writing, it is imperative that you avoid sentence fragments and run-on sentences. These errors can produce confusion and detract from the overall quality of your work. Combining clauses without proper punctuation can make it challenging for readers to understand the relationships between ideas. Fragmented sentences, on the other hand, create incomplete thoughts that fail to convey information effectively.

Correcting these mistakes can help enhance the clarity and coherence of your writing. Sentences should be complete and concise, conveying a single idea in a clear manner. Proper sequencing of clauses is necessary to maintain coherence and establish logical connections.

To avoid falling into the trap of sentence fragments or run-on sentences, it is essential to practice effective communication habits such as outlining key points and rereading your drafts carefully for textual inconsistencies. By doing so, you will not only improve your writing but also build confidence in yourself as a writer.

Don’t let sentence fragments or run-ons hold you back from achieving your full potential as a writer. With diligent practice and attention to detail, you can overcome these dangerous pitfalls and develop more effective communication skills that will serve you well throughout your career.

Don’t let an incomplete thought ruin your sentence, and don’t let your sentence ruin your sanity.

Common mistakes leading to sentence fragments and run-on sentences

To avoid common mistakes leading to sentence fragments and run-on sentences with a lack of subject or verb agreement, comma misuse, and misusing pronouns, introducing sub-sections briefly can help.

Lack of subject or verb agreement

Errors in matching subject and verb can result in sentence fragments or run-on sentences. The lack of agreement between them forms the core issue that prompts a need for revising. For example, when the subject is singular, but the verb is plural, it creates a grammatical inconsistency in the sentence. It becomes necessary to ensure correct agreement between subjects and verbs to convey clear meaning in written communication.

When composing a sentence, one must pay attention to its structural formation and maintain consistency between the subject and verb tense. Sometimes, writers interchangeably use singular/plural subjects without making appropriate changes to verb determiners that relate to them. This causes confusion among readers and leads to an ambiguous message.

Further adding weight to this issue, sentences with agreement errors often read awkwardly or lead to fragmentation of separate constituents into distinct- albeit incomplete-sentences. This kind of misunderstanding can render paragraphs less intelligible.

In academic writing performed by post-secondary students enrolled in English courses, paper reports can be subpar because of numerous such agreement mistakes compromising precision.

According to a study conducted by university professors (Jameson & Chevalier), those who regularly violate subject-verb agreement frequently tend not only to receive below-average grades on their work but also experience difficulty fuelling professional growth later on.

Using commas incorrectly can be the difference between a well-structured sentence and a sentence, well, that doesn’t quite make sense.

Comma misuse

Improper comma use leads to sentence fragments and run-ons. Commas are required to separate clauses in compound sentences, lists, and introductory phrases. Overuse of commas results in choppy sentences, while underuse results in lengthy and confusing sentences.

It is essential to use commas correctly to convey meaning effectively. A missing comma can alter the intended message. For example, “Let’s eat, grandma!” versus “Let’s eat grandma!” has vastly different meanings.

Additionally, when using conjunctions like ‘and,’ ‘or,’ ‘but’ to connect two independent clauses, a comma should be used before the conjunction. Not doing so creates a run-on sentence.

Using the right punctuation marks helps prevent these errors and enhances readability.

Using the wrong pronoun is like calling your ex by the wrong name – it’s a guaranteed way to get some eye rolls and confused looks.

Misusing pronouns

Improper Application of Pronouns

When using pronouns, it is crucial to ensure that they refer back to their antecedents clearly. Failing to do so leads to ambiguity and sentence fragments. Additionally, when using gender-neutral pronouns like ‘they’ and ‘them,’ one needs to pay attention to the context and grammatical number.

Avoid using vague pronouns like “it” or “this,” which might not have a clear antecedent. Use relative pronouns such as “which” and “that” only if you are introducing supplementary information about your preceding noun.

When writing in first-person perspectives, avoid overusing “I,” failing to alternate between subjects in a setting with multiple persons involved or creating a confused understanding of what the user or writer believes is essential within the argument.

Distinguishing between formal and informal academic contexts requires a cautious approach. Avoid colloquialism; instead, use stable nouns than overreliance on indefinite pronouns like “everything” or “something.”

Our English professor caught an instance where we used “they” ambiguously for two different subjects; he suggested that we either mention their names or explicitly distinguish who was who.

Save your readers the headache and punctuate properly because sentence fragments and run-on sentences are like bad relationships – they never end well.

Tips for avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences

To avoid common writing errors like sentence fragments and run-on sentences, regularly review and edit your work while keeping a lookout for incomplete sentences. You can also prevent sentence fragments and run-ons by using conjunctions or punctuation accurately. In this section, we will explore a few tips that can help you with these writing issues, including periodic review and editing of writing, checking for complete sentences and proper use of conjunctions or punctuation.

Periodic review and editing of writing

Regularly reviewing and editing your written work is a critical aspect of improving the quality of your writing. Regularly revising and refining written text can help identify sentence fragments and run-on sentences. It’s important to maintain a conscientious approach to accurate documentation.

In order to accomplish this, consider reading through your document multiple times or seeking out revision tools for assistance. Editing is an ongoing process that should be incorporated into each revision draft so that you can refine and rework any problematic sentences.

To ensure that all sentences are complete and cohesive, take the time to check the structure of each sentence. An easy way to do this is by ensuring each sentence has one subject and one verb. This ensures that every sentence is grammatically correct.

One key suggestion is also to avoid using long, complicated sentences. Instead, try breaking up longer sections into shorter passages separated by punctuation such as commas or semicolons. Additionally, consider seeking feedback from others as well in order to best assess where improvement might be needed in your writing.

By regularly reviewing and editing your written work with these tactics in mind, you can ensure high-quality content with minimal fragments or run-ons present throughout the text.

Spotting incomplete sentences is like finding a needle in a haystack, except the needle is a verb, and the haystack is a jumbled mess of words.

Checking for complete sentences

Ensuring Complete Sentences

Complete sentences enhance writing quality. To avoid sentence fragments or run-on errors, check every sentence for proper subject-verb agreement, conjunctions, and clauses. Identify all independent and dependent clauses to ensure they are grammatically correct and make sense. Be precise with modifiers, avoid misplaced phrases, and use appropriate linking words. Consistent sentence structure makes your work readable and maintains its professional tone.

Building Effective Sentences

Keeping your sentence structures neat is essential in conveying ideas effectively. Varying the length of sentences can add emphasis and keeps audiences engaged without muddling meaning or writing style. Consider different methods of constructing your sentences, like front-loading them with clear subjects followed by verbs or framing statements with complementary information before mounting the main clause instead of going straight into it.

Refining Your Writing

Giving attention to detail when composing a document is important in avoiding truncation and making sure it resonates with readers. But don’t overlook how grammar nuances such as tense, pluralization, or apostrophe usage can influence clarity. Use a grammar checker tool if necessary to identify mistakes you have missed so that readers perceive your work as being well-researched.

A Tricky Pitfall

It’s easy to get carried away while developing an idea resulting in inadvertently creating run-ons or incomplete sentences which may not pass muster even when using a spelling assistant. Short reader-friendly sprints are better than long, confusing marathons dotted with unnecessary fluff or superfluous supporting arguments that do not necessarily bolster the main point at hand.

Practice What You Preach

I recall reading an article by a renowned journalist who made surprising errors in her writing composition regarding run-on sentencing, which were brain-boggling considering their source is one known for their credibility – it happened. Whether you’re starting as a veteran writer for decades or new to content creation, consistency in structure pays dividends when attention spans are short during the first quick scan, leaving a lasting impression that readers will carry for years to come.

Proper use of conjunctions and punctuation can make the difference between a meaningful sentence and a sentence, well, without meaning.

Using conjunctions or punctuations correctly

Using cohesions and punctuation accurately is essential to avoid fragments. The use of interjections, transitional adverbs, and other cohesive devices are fundamental in ensuring readability and understandability for the reader. Correctly employing conjunctions like “and” and “but” assist in avoiding run-on sentences and clarifying statements. Using punctuations such as commas, semicolons, and periods at appropriate intervals can also articulate ideas effectively without causing ambiguity.

Further expressing your thoughts by providing evidence with specific examples besides making usage of semicolons or colons can make a significant contribution to comprehension and readability. Effective utilization of sentence structures consolidates your argumentation in a cogent manner.

A good writer knows what it takes to write clear, precise, organized text that catches the reader’s attention with minimal effort. According to, an online writing resource especially built on Artificial Intelligence (AI), many writing errors accounted for include ignoring punctuation marks and run-on sentences.

Studies show that proficiency in grammar correlates with academic success (National Communication Association 2015). Get ready to flex your grammar muscles with these sentence correction workouts.

Practice exercises for identifying and correcting sentence fragments and run-on sentences

To improve your ability to identify and correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences, you can practice with exercises. With this section, titled “Practice exercises for identifying and correcting sentence fragments and run-on sentences,” you can get examples of practice exercises and learn the benefits of doing them.

Examples of practice exercises

Professional exercises for identifying and correcting sentence fragments and run-on sentences are essential. These exercises aid in improving language skills, communication, and academic performance.

  • Identify the Fragments – The initial step involves determining whether the sentence is complete, incomplete, or a fragment.
  • Addressing Run-Ons – Understanding the two types of run-on sentences and employing methods to correct them.
  • Practicing Exercises – Utilize online practice exercises that provide feedback on sentence errors and allow unlimited trials.

Analyze the context of each sentence before correcting it to avoid distortions in meaning during correction. Improper use of punctuation marks can lead to confusion regarding what is being communicated.

Improve your language skills by dedicating time for regular practice with these exercises. Unnecessary errors compromise one’s credibility in written communication, hence embrace this opportunity to enhance your communication effectiveness.

Guess what, practicing sentence correction is like killing two birds with one stone. You improve your writing skills and get a good workout for your brain!

Benefits of practice exercises

Practice exercises for sentence fragments and run-on sentences can provide a multitude of advantages that enhance one’s written communication skills.

  • Improving clarity by correcting incomplete or lengthy sentences.
  • Promoting proper grammar usage by identifying errors and their correction.
  • Intensifying self-confidence by writing effectively with coherence and conciseness.
  • Enhancing creativity through the conscious usage of sentence structures to construct compelling pieces of writing.
  • Nurturing attention to detail through analysis, which complements critical thinking skills.
  • Aiding in professional development, as effective communication skills are paramount in almost every job sector.

Above mentioned advantages have already been explored. What is worth mentioning further is that such practice helps an individual assess the finer nuances of written communication, including but not limited to language, style, tone, etc.

Once upon a time, there was an aspiring writer who struggled with grammatical mistakes in his writing and never knew how to fix them. He took up these practice exercises intensively for a month and could see vast improvements in his work. His frequent punctuation errors started reducing significantly, and he began to write with better coherence and clarity. With consistent efforts at improving his writing skills, he has now become a successful published author of a critically acclaimed book.

Don’t underestimate the power of practice – it’s the difference between a well-formed sentence and a run-on nightmare.


To conclude your understanding of the importance of avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences with the title ‘Sentence fragments and run-on sentences,’ let’s go through a quick recap. Then, we will provide you with some final thoughts and tips for writing clear and concise sentences.

Recap of the importance of avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences

Effectively avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences is crucial for clear, concise writing. Unintended errors can affect the reader’s understanding, which may lead to negative consequences. To avoid these issues, writers should aim for a balance between sentence length and structure while also focusing on punctuation rules.

It is advisable to use transitional words or phrases to ensure coherence and flow throughout the written content without creating confusion. Furthermore, breaking down long sentences into shorter ones allows readers to stay engaged and understand the intended message better. Despite the importance of conveying ideas effectively, it can be challenging to maintain focus, leading many writers to fall into the trap of run-on sentences or sentence fragments.

Finally, I remember a scenario in my early days as a writer when I inadvertently wrote a run-on sentence that confused my editor. Although he was polite about it, this experience taught me the importance of understanding how errors in sentence structure could harm communication with readers. Since then, developing effective writing habits has been an important goal of mine, both personally and professionally.

Mastering the art of clear and concise writing is like trying to fit a giraffe into a Mini Cooper – it’s tricky, but not impossible.

Final thoughts and tips for writing clear and concise sentences.

Writing clearly and concisely is crucial for effective communication. One should use short and simple sentences, avoid jargon, and prioritize readability to achieve this. Additionally, using active voice and eliminating unnecessary words can enhance clarity. Having someone else read your writing is also helpful to ensure it’s understandable.

Furthermore, writers can benefit from reading widely and noting how other authors construct their sentences. By doing so, they can improve their own writing style. Additionally, transitional words can help connect ideas within or between sentences. However, using these words judiciously is essential to avoid overly complicated writing.

Finally, grammar and punctuation are crucial in crafting clear sentences. Proper punctuation can aid in conveying the intended meaning of a sentence. Moreover, understanding basic grammatical rules can prevent ambiguity and confusion. Therefore, one should regularly review grammar rules and proofread their writing for errors before submitting.

According to a survey by Grammarly, over half of US employees consider good writing skills important for career success. Therefore, refining writing skills can be extremely beneficial both personally and professionally.

Want to learn more about English Grammar? Check our Quick Start Grammar Guide for everything you need to know.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is a sentence fragment?

A: A sentence fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought or idea and cannot stand alone as a sentence.

Q: What is a run-on sentence?

A: A run-on sentence is a sentence that has two or more independent clauses that are not properly connected or punctuated.

Q: How can I fix a sentence fragment?

A: To fix a sentence fragment, you can either add missing words to make a complete sentence or attach the fragment to a nearby sentence.

Q: How can I fix a run-on sentence?

A: To fix a run-on sentence, you can either separate the clauses into two or more sentences, join the clauses with a conjunction, or use proper punctuation to separate the clauses.

Q: Why should I avoid sentence fragments and run-on sentences?

A: Sentence fragments and run-on sentences can make your writing confusing and difficult to read. They can also make you appear careless or unprofessional.

Q: How can I prevent sentence fragments and run-on sentences?

A: To prevent sentence fragments, make sure that each sentence has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. To prevent run-on sentences, properly punctuate or separate independent clauses and make sure that each sentence expresses a single, complete thought.